End Times and Current Events

General Category => The Mark => Topic started by: Christian40 on February 28, 2011, 09:37:07 pm

Title: Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out
Post by: Christian40 on February 28, 2011, 09:37:07 pm
Let’s jump right in with what the US government actually says the the new card will have, truth is usually stranger than fiction anyway. This is from the official government website, www.gpo.gov, and it’s quite revealing. First off, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has mandated that the new cards be WHTI Compliant, so here is a definition of what that is:
“WHTI is the acronym for Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, the federal plan to implement the 9/11 Commission recommendation and Congressional mandate that requires all travelers, U.S. citizens and foreign nationals alike, to present a passport or other approved document that establishes the bearer’s identity and nationality to enter or re-enter the United States. (1) The U.S. Departments of Homeland Security and State have implemented the WHTI in phases, beginning with air travel, as of January 23, 2007, and land and sea travel, as of June 1, 2009. Areas that fall under the WHTI (from the perspective of the United States) are Canada, Mexico, Bermuda, and 17 Caribbean nations (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Jamaica (except for business travel), Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Turks and Caicos).”

Wow, that’s quite an area to cover, but there is one thing you need to pay close attention to. The three main areas that they seem concerned about are the US, Canada and Mexico – otherwise known as the North American Union. Hmmmm….moving on.

Quotes from the government on the type of chip to be used

Now, there is no debate as to whether or not the card will contain a chip that is capable of tracking people, the only debate has been around which tracking technology better suits their needs. Here are a few quotes again from the official government document:
“ DHS also invites comments on how States would or could incorporate a separate WHTI- compliant technology, such as an RFID-enabled vicinity chip technology, in addition to the REAL ID PDF417 barcode requirement.”

“States can leverage the same infrastructure that they will need to purchase for REAL ID to incorporate MRZ, proximity chips, and vicinity chip technology onto a driver’s license.”

“The use of RFID is essential to the WHTI program in order to ensure facilitation at crowded U.S. land and sea crossing points. Similar concerns are not implicated by REAL ID, which is one of the factors that led DHS to select the 2D bar code as the common machine readable technology on driver’s licenses and identification cards. DHS encourages States to explore alternative technologies on their driver’s licenses and identification cards in order to promote security and technology advances as well as e-government initiatives a State may wish to explore.”

“DHS does not believe that non-compliant driver’s licenses or credit cards are acceptable documents to establish identity.” Meaning – no chip, no ID. Doesn’t this remind you of something else?

The deadline is set, and it’s now

According to the official website for the Department of Homeland Security, the deadline for all this to be in place is May 11, 2011. The trackable, chip-enabled National ID Card we have long feared is now upon us. Of course, any sensible person will soon realize that these cards can certainly be stolen, and we can’t have that now, can we? Then any sensible person soon comes to the conclusion that the part of the card that makes it work is the chip, sooooooooo…..why not…and I’m just spit-balling here…why not IMPLANT the chip into the person? My, my, what a perfect solution.

In fact, call it the Final Solution.


Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Kilika on March 02, 2011, 03:55:29 am
The fact is the digital system already has technology in placing and being used that involves the head and hand; iris scan and blood vessel of the hand scans. No chip needed.

The freemarket capitalistic lust for money will drive some areas of the world to use chips no doubt, but I don't believe it will become THE mark, but is more of a style of the mark. I believe the mark is many things, as in many ways to destruction, so the world will, and does already, "offer" many different ways to jack a person in to the beast's digital grid. While the world offers many kingdoms of the earth, Jesus says there is one way.

Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Mark on March 04, 2011, 11:06:12 am
House Republicans attempt to revive Real ID

If you’re a resident of one of at least 24 states including Arizona, Georgia, and Washington, your driver’s license may no longer be valid for boarding an airplane or entering federal buildings as of May 11, 2011.

That’s the deadline that senior House Republicans are calling on the Obama administration to impose, saying states must be required to comply with so-called Real ID rules creating a standardized digital identity card that critics have likened to a national ID.

The political problem for the GOP committee chairmen is that the 2005 Real ID Act has proven to be anything but popular: legislatures of two dozen states have voted to reject its requirements, and in the Michigan and Pennsylvania legislatures one chamber has done so.

That didn’t stop the House Republicans from saying in a letter this week to Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano that “any further extension of Real ID threatens the security of the United States.” Unless Homeland Security grants an extension, the law’s requirements take effect on May 11.

Read full article


Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Psalm 51:17 on March 04, 2011, 11:52:06 am
But wait, I thought the GOP midterms slide was supposed to *change* this country around from this evil dictator in the WH? ::)

Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Mark on March 05, 2011, 05:14:29 am
Pushed back again:
A 9/11 commission recommendation to set federal standards for state driver's licenses is being kicked down the road again -- the third major delay in its history.

The Department of Homeland Security said Friday that it is moving the May 11 deadline for implementation of the Real ID Act to January 15, 2013, so that cash-strapped states will have more time to add security features to driver's licenses and ensure that license holders are who they say they are.


Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Kilika on March 05, 2011, 11:08:27 am
The Real ID Act is a distraction now, as the one to watch is it's replacement the PASS Act.

Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Psalm 51:17 on March 05, 2011, 11:17:08 am
The Real ID Act is a distraction now, as the one to watch is it's replacement the PASS Act.

What is the PASS Act? Sorry, my brain's dead now.

Title: Re: Chip-enabled National ID Card To Start May 2011
Post by: Mark on March 05, 2011, 11:33:52 am
What is the PASS Act? Sorry, my brain's dead now.

ID Card for Workers Is at Center of Immigration Plan

Lawmakers working to craft a new comprehensive immigration bill have settled on a way to prevent employers from hiring illegal immigrants: a national biometric identification card all American workers would eventually be required to obtain.

Under the potentially controversial plan still taking shape in the Senate, all legal U.S. workers, including citizens and immigrants, would be issued an ID card with embedded information, such as fingerprints, to tie the card to the worker.

The ID card plan is one of several steps advocates of an immigration overhaul are taking to address concerns that have defeated similar bills in the past.

The uphill effort to pass a bill is being led by Sens. Chuck Schumer (D., N.Y.) and Lindsey Graham (R., S.C.), who plan to meet with President Barack Obama as soon as this week to update him on their work. An administration official said the White House had no position on the biometric card.

"It's the nub of solving the immigration dilemma politically speaking," Mr. Schumer said in an interview. The card, he said, would directly answer concerns that after legislation is signed, another wave of illegal immigrants would arrive. "If you say they can't get a job when they come here, you'll stop it."

The biggest objections to the biometric cards may come from privacy advocates, who fear they would become de facto national ID cards that enable the government to track citizens.

"It is fundamentally a massive invasion of people's privacy," said Chris Calabrese, legislative counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union. "We're not only talking about fingerprinting every American, treating ordinary Americans like criminals in order to work. We're also talking about a card that would quickly spread from work to voting to travel to pretty much every aspect of American life that requires identification."

Mr. Graham says he respects those concerns but disagrees. "We've all got Social Security cards," he said. "They're just easily tampered with. Make them tamper-proof. That's all I'm saying."

U.S. employers now have the option of using an online system called E-Verify to check whether potential employees are in the U.S. legally. Many Republicans have pressed to make the system mandatory. But others, including Mr. Schumer, complain that the existing system is ineffective.

Last year, White House aides said they expected to push immigration legislation in 2010. But with health care and unemployment dominating his attention, the president has given little indication the issue is a priority.

Rather, Mr. Obama has said he wanted to see bipartisan support in Congress first. So far, Mr. Graham is the only Republican to voice interest publicly, and he wants at least one other GOP co-sponsor to launch the effort.

An immigration overhaul has long proven a complicated political task. The Latino community is pressing for action and will be angry if it is put off again. But many Americans oppose any measure that resembles amnesty for people who came here illegally.

Under the legislation envisioned by Messrs. Graham and Schumer, the estimated 10.8 million people living illegally in the U.S. would be offered a path to citizenship, though they would have to register, pay taxes, pay a fine and wait in line. A guest-worker program would let a set number of new foreigners come to the U.S. legally to work.

Most European countries require citizens and foreigners to carry ID cards. The U.K. had been a holdout, but in the early 2000s it considered national cards as a way to stop identify fraud, protect against terrorism and help stop illegal foreign workers. Amid worries about the cost and complaints that the cards infringe on personal privacy, the government said it would make them voluntary for British citizens. They are required for foreign workers and students, and so far about 130,000 cards have been issued.

Mr. Schumer first suggested a biometric-based employer-verification system last summer. Since then, the idea has gained currency and is now a centerpiece of the legislation being developed, aides said.

A person familiar with the legislative planning said the biometric data would likely be either fingerprints or a scan of the veins in the top of the hand. It would be required of all workers, including teenagers, but would be phased in, with current workers needing to obtain the card only when they next changed jobs, the person said.

The card requirement also would be phased in among employers, beginning with industries that typically rely on illegal-immigrant labor.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce doesn't have a position on the proposal, but it is concerned that employers would find it expensive and complicated to properly check the biometrics.

Mr. Schumer said employers would be able to buy a scanner to check the IDs for as much as $800. Small employers, he said, could take their applicants to a government office to like the Department of Motor Vehicles and have their hands scanned there.

—Alistair MacDonald contributed to this article.


All children to be registered in national biometric records
Identity-tracking scheme assembled under radar for 'border pass' program

Below the radar of public opinion, Mexico has started to assemble the type of biometric national identity database that could be used to document names for a North American Trusted Traveler border pass card, a plan already being developed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security for Mexican citizens.

It apparently would be similar to the program that has become commonplace in the European Union to allow free transit for EU citizens to move, live and work wherever they choose within the EU, disregarding nation-of-origin and national border restrictions.

On Jan. 19, 2011, Mexico's President Felipe Calderon signed an executive order requiring within the next five years all Mexicans 17 years old and younger have a biometric national identity card that would include a facial photograph, all 10 fingerprints, and an iris scan.

To carry out the presidential executive order, the Mexican Directorate General of the National Population Register plans to go to all elementary schools in Mexico schools in Mexico to record the required biometric information and issue individual identity cards.

The Mexican National Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates that in 2005, there were 10.5 million Mexicans between 5 and 9 years old, 11 million between 10 and 14 years old, and 10 million between 15 and 19 years old.


Reasonable estimates are that by the end of 2012, Mexico plans to issue more than 25.7 million biometric identity cards to the nation's children 18 years old and younger.

While promoted as a way to prevent crimes such as identity theft, Mexico has decided to begin with the nation's school children to create the type of biometric national identity database that will allow Mexican children as they grow up to already possess the biometric information they will need to obtain North American Trusted Traveler border pass cards the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is preparing to issue to Mexican citizens.

Once the nation's children are recorded in this biometric national identity database, the plan is to add a second phase that will extend the biometric identification cards to Mexican adults, with a third phase designed to establish a national registry for all foreigners residing in Mexico.

Read more: All children to be registered in national biometric database http://www.wnd.com/?pageId=263797#ixzz1E202dwTz

Title: Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out
Post by: Mark on July 21, 2012, 11:20:19 am
Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out

Updated technical specs for biometric data on federal ID cards include new options for using iris imaging in lieu of fingerprints and dropping swipe sensors as a means of gathering fingerprints for federal employees.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology has released for comment a second draft of Special Publication 800-76-2, Biometric Specifications for Personal Identity Verification.http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/drafts/800-76-2/draft-sp-800-76-2_revised.pdf The document supports the revised Federal Information Processing Standard 201-2, also now in draft form, and when finalized will replace the current 2007 version of the specs.

SP 800-76 spells out the technical requirements for biometric data that is used for authentication on PIV cards used by federal workers and contactors. The interoperable electronic IDs were mandated by Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 and are supposed to be used both for physical and logical access.

The specifications describe technical acquisition and formatting requirements for the PIV system and establish minimum accuracy requirements for biometric authentication. Fingerprint templates remain the primary means of PIV biometric authentication, but options are being expanded.

“The addition of iris and face specifications . . . adds an alternative modality for biometric authentication and extends coverage to persons for whom fingerprinting is problematic,” the draft says. FIPS 201 allows the use of iris recognition although it is not required, and technical specification had not before been developed. “The recommendation to agencies to install and operate iris equipment in its PIV issuance processes allows agencies to additionally populate PIV cards with iris as an alternative authentication factor.”

Use of iris images is optional and not required. The latest draft of SP 800-76 modifies some specifications for the camera used to gather iris images and removes specs for image capture and recognition interfaces until technical standards are developed.

Another significant change in the current draft is the elimination of swipe sensors for gathering fingerprints for PIV authentication.

The previous draft, released in 2011, included a provisional specification for the use of swipe fingerprint sensors with on-card comparison of fingerprints. Swipe sensors gather data about a print as the finger is moved over a small sensor, rather than recording optical data from a stationary finger on a larger “flat” sensor.

Swipe sensors are smaller and inexpensive, making them a good option for large-scale deployments on consumer devices, but they don’t work well under all conditions and do not gather as much information. Optical flat scanners are more robust and less sensitive to environmental conditions, but algorithms for the two methods are not always interoperable.

“Swipe is attractive on grounds of cost and possibly on grounds of spoof resistance,” the 2011 draft said. But, “NIST has little empirical data on which to safely include swipe matching into PIV,” and “all swipe-related specifications may be withdrawn in the next version of this draft.”

Swipe specs were dropped because of differences with existing PIV deployments. Currently, interoperation between the two technologies reduces accuracy of the matches, making them incompatible. NIST expects that these problems eventually will be mitigated, making it possible to include new specifications in the future.


Title: Homeland Security To Require All Employees to Carry Biometric Smartcard
Post by: Mark on June 02, 2013, 05:50:05 am
Homeland Security To Require All Employees to Carry Biometric Smartcard

The Homeland Security Department is buying $100 million worth of services to issue staff at all agencies smartcards with iris and facial recognition capabilities.

Late Friday, DHS opened the bidding process for a decade-long project to upgrade personnel identification cards that are used to access federal buildings and networks. Following the September 2001 terrorist attacks, Homeland Security Presidential Directive–12, or HSPD-12, mandated biometric IDs for employees governmentwide. But many workers, including 82 percent of DHS computer users, flash the credentials at guards, rather than digital readers, largely because the cards’ electronic components haven’t been activated, according to internal audits.

Now, contractors will replace about 161,924 cards in 2013 and 116,172 cards in 2014, according to contracting documents.

“The present Identity Management System was designed in 2008 and has remained basically unchanged since its inception. New more capable methods are now available that must be evaluated and implemented to move the [ID management] process into compliance,” project plans state.

The work includes "the full range of program management support, engineering services, labor, materials, and equipment" to operate the entire credentialing process, from enrolling employees to synching with card readers on facilities and computers, the contracting papers state. The deal is capped at $99.5 million.

The use of iris recognition is expanding governmentwide. In July 2012, the Obama administration announced plans to embed iris images in all employee ID cards. Meanwhile, DHS and the Justice Department are collecting iris snapshots to identify legitimate travelers as well as track criminal offenders.

Companies competing for the Homeland Security smartcard job must "demonstrate the system’s ability to capture facial, fingerprint and iris biometric,” technical specifications state.

The contractor will provide the technology backbone for up to 400 workstations that distribute IDs at sites departmentwide. Wherever possible, the new tools will be incorporated into the department's roughly 405 pre-existing stations. The contract also requires as many as 16,000 "light activation stations" -- PCs connected to a credential management computer program -- that allow workers to independently update ID data and reset passwords.   

The new supplier will be responsible for adapting current operations overseen by incumbent contractor XTec to the new arrangement without disrupting credentialing or login systems on buildings and computers. Homeland Security’s goal is to minimize "downtime and cost overruns as well as functional, security and performance impacts,” according to the contracting documents. The technologies in need of transitioning include "back-end infrastructure and interfaces and distributed end user facing systems."

Since clinching the DHS ID management award in 2008, Reston-based XTec has continued to win credentialing contracts from other major departments. In February, the General Services Administration closed a deal with the firm for an unspecified price to issue smartcards for more than 90 agencies that outsource their HSPD-12 credentialing services to GSA, according to XTec.

As of December 2012, most federal employees were carrying biometric IDs but more than 40 percent didn’t use them to log onto agency networks, according to the executive branch’s annual report on adherence to the 2002 Federal Information Security Management Act. Last year, about 57 percent of computer accounts required smartcards to sign in, down from 66 percent in 2011. A decrease in smartcard usage at the Pentagon and significantly less usage at the Agriculture Department drove the decline.


Title: Re: Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out
Post by: Mark on April 21, 2014, 09:47:40 am
Push For National ID Continues

Like some sort of zombie from a 1950s B-movie, the REAL ID Act shambles forward, awaiting the day when some national emergency can bring it back to life. In the District of Columbia, the city government has announced that they will begin to issue REAL ID compliant driver’s licenses from May 1, 2014 onwards. The city’s “REAL ID Credential” page sings every note in the pro-national-ID song book. It says that REAL ID is “not a national identification card,” a claim debunked on this blog long ago. It also says that REAL ID will help “inhibit terrorists’ ability to evade detection by using fraudulent identification.” That’s true, as far as it goes. But inconveniencing wrongdoers this way provides a tiny sliver of security compared to the costs in dollars and privacy, not to mention the inconvenience about to be visited on D.C. residents.

rest: http://www.cato.org/blog/zombie-national-id-walking-around

Title: Re: Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out
Post by: Mark on April 30, 2014, 05:34:07 am
The White House Wants to Issue You an Online ID

A few years back, the White House had a brilliant idea: Why not create a single, secure online ID that Americans could use to verify their identity across multiple websites, starting with local government services. The New York Times described it at the time as a "driver's license for the internet."

Sound convenient? It is. Sound scary? It is.

Next month, a pilot program of the "National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace" will begin in government agencies in two US states, to test out whether the pros of a federally verified cyber ID outweigh the cons.

The goal is to put to bed once and for all our current ineffective and tedious system of using passwords for online authentication, which itself was a cure for the even more ineffective and tedious process of walking into a brick-and-mortar building and presenting a human being with two forms of paper identification.

The rub is that online identity verification is heaps more convenient for citizens and cost-effective for government agencies, but it's also fraught with insecurities; federal and state governments lose billions of dollars a year to fraud, and that trickles down to taxpayers.

Meanwhile, the technology for more secure next-gen authentication exists, developed by various tech firms in the public sector, but security groups have had a hell of a time implementing any of them on a broad scale. Enter the government, which proposed the national ID strategy to help standardize the process using a plan called the "identity ecosystem."

The vision is to use a system that works similarly to how we conduct the most sensitive forms of online transactions, like applying for a mortgage. It will utilize two-step authentication, say, some combination of an encrypted chip in your phone, a biometric ID, and question about the name of your first cat.

But instead of going through a different combination of steps for each agency website, the same process and ID token would work across all government services: from food stamps and welfare to registering for a fishing license.

The original proposal was quick to point out that this isn't a federally mandated national ID. But if successful, it could pave the way for an interoperable authentication protocol that works for any website, from your Facebook account to your health insurance company.

There's no doubt secure online identification is a problem overdue for a solution, but creating a system that would work like an all-access token for the internet is a scary can of worms to open.   

To start, there's the privacy issue. Unsurprisingly, the Electronic Frontier Foundation immediately pointed out the red flags, arguing that the right to anonymous speech in the digital realm is protected under the First Amendment. It called the program "radical," "concerning," and pointed out that the plan "makes scant mention of the unprecedented threat such a scheme would pose to privacy and free speech online."

And the keepers of the identity credentials wouldn't be the government itself, but a third party organization. When the program was introduced in 2011, banks, technology companies or cellphone service providers were suggested for the role, so theoretically Google or Verizon could have access to a comprehensive profile of who you are that's shared with every site you visit, as mandated by the government.

Post-NSA revelations, we have a good sense for the dystopian Big Brother society the EFF is worried about. As the organization told the Times, at the least "we would need new privacy laws or regulations to prohibit identity verifiers from selling user data or sharing it with law enforcement officials without a warrant."

Then there's the problem of putting all your security eggs in one vulnerable basket. If a hacker gets their hands on your cyber ID, they have the keys to everything.

For now, this is all just speculation. The program is just entering a test phase with select state government agencies only (there are currently plans to expand the trial out to 10 more organizations.)

But it's not far-fetched to think we're moving toward a standardized way to prove our identity in cyberspace the same way we do offline.

The White House argues cutting down on inefficiencies and fraud would bolster the information economy. In an era where we have cars that drive themselves and flying robots delivering beer, you have to wonder how much longer people are going to put up with standing in line at the DMV for four hours to hand a teller (with a taxpayer-paid salary) a copy of your birth certificate and piece of mail to prove you are you.

If an analysis of the pilot programs in Michigan and Pennsylvania find the centralized ID saves time and money and spares us the DMV line, privacy advocates are going to have a hell of a fight ahead of them.


Title: Re: Federal ID cards: Iris imaging in, fingerprint swiping out
Post by: Mark on October 24, 2014, 02:50:07 pm
Half the World's Population Will Have Chip-Based National Electronic Identity (eID) Cards by 2018

Leading identity analyst firm Acuity Market Intelligence forecasts that in five years time half of the world's population will have a chip-based National eID card, including near-complete regional coverage in Europe. Asia, with its vast population, is expected to dominate the market accounting for more than 60% of all National eID cards issued between 2014 and 2018.

Acuity's report  -- "The Global National eID Industry Report: 2014 Edition" — projects that nearly 3.4 billion National eID cards will be issued over the next five years doubling global National eID card circulation from 1.75 billion to 3.5 billion by 2018.

According to Acuity Principal and biometrics and secure document market expert, Maxine Most, "In addition to the 3.4 billion chip-based National eIDs issued between 2014 and 2018, another 300 million National ID cards will integrate biometrics into non chip-based card programs."

"Recent National ID news from across the globe validates Acuity's growth projections," says Most. "India and the Philippines are reviving efforts to introduce National eID cards to support their national identity programs. Turkey has announced the integration of biometrics into their National eID card scheme. South Korea is facing intense pressure to replace their National ID system due to rampant data breeches and fraud. And Nigeria appears to be making progress on their National eID program after years of promise and false starts."

"The Global National eID Industry Report: 2014 Edition" includes more than 350 charts and tables providing comprehensive, detailed country-by-country, regional, and global unit and revenue forecasts and analysis for all National eID cards programs.

The report evaluates three categories of National ID programs:

    Programs that rely on chip or optical storage based National ID cards that may or may not incorporate biometrics.
    Programs that rely on traditional non-chip based ID cards that incorporate biometrics to uniquely identity each cardholder.
    Biometric registry only programs that rely on a centralized biometric database to issue unique identity numbers.

Order, download an in-depth report preview, and get more information about the report at www.acuity-mi.com/GNeID_Report.php.

About Acuity Market Intelligence 
Acuity Market Intelligence (http://www.acuity-mi.com) is an emerging technology strategy and research consultancy with a proven record of accurately anticipating biometric and electronic identity (eID) market trends.

Contact: Acuity Market Intelligence
 +1 303 449 1897 

SOURCE Acuity Market Intelligence